Wasps & Hornets
The nests of social wasps are first constructed by the queen and are initially about the size of a walnut. The size of the nest increases as more workers are propagated. Unlike honey bees, wasps have no wax producing glands. They manufacture a paper-like material from wood pulp. Wood fibers are gathered from weathered wood, softened by chewing and mixing with saliva. The paper is then used to make combs with cells for brood rearing.
Hornets are not harmless, however, and the hornet sting toxicity varies greatly by hornet species – from similar to a wasp sting, to the most venomous known insects.